The first act foremost aims at explaining the current scenario around Prince Hamlet who is the protagonist of the story. His father is King Hamlet who has recently died.
The narrative then explains a long-standing dispute between Norway, a neighbouring kingdom, whose King Fortinbras was killed by King Hamlet and whose throne was taken upon by his son, Prince Fortinbras. In the first scene of the first act, two sentries, namely Bernardo and Marcellus, are shown talking about having witnessed a ghost of King Hamlet on the ramparts of Elsinore, the Danish royal castle. In the second scene, Prince Hamlet looks on as the court proceeds where his mother and uncle are seated managing the affairs. Also, he sends envoys to Norway to inform about Fortinbras.
Horatio informs Prince Hamlet of the ghost. The scene shifts towards the night where the ghost of King Hamlet appears in front of Prince Hamlet and discloses that he was murdered by Claudius and demands that Hamlet takes revenge from his uncle. After the ghost disappears, Hamlet tells Horatio and the same sentries about his plan to act mad from now on and plot against his uncle.
The messenger arrives and informs King Claudius that the King of Norway has changed their plan of attack but their armies would still cross Denmark on their way to Poland. In the next scene, Polonius explains the incident involving his daughter and Hamlet to Claudius and Gertrude and then goes on to talk to Hamlet in the court. As planned, Hamlet continues acting insane and indirectly hurls abuses at Claudius. He then welcomes his friends and then suddenly, declare them as spies. Later in private, Hamlet laments his situation in front of his friends but does not tell them the reasons.
They, in turn, tell Hamlet that they have brought along a troupe of actors. The scene shifts as Hamlet, after dismissing his friends, ask the actors to deliver a soliloquy about the death of King Priam and Queen Hecuba at the end of Trojan war.
The scene shifts to the courtroom where everyone witnesses the play prepared by Hamlet. He is a man of action rather than thought and words. He attacks Hamlet, but in the midst of the fight, he drops his poisoned sword. Hamlet grabs the sword and cuts him.
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As he lays dying, he tells Hamlet that he too was cut by the poison sword and will soon die. This scene marks the moment when Hamlet is forced to action. He can no longer question his motives or the motives of others. He must act and fight Laertes. During this climactic scene, we find that Claudius has also poisoned a cup intended for Hamlet. When Gertrude believes that Hamlet has won the duel she drinks from the poisoned cup.
The queen falls dead. Before he dies, Laertes confesses to Hamlet the murder of his father, and own his role in the murder of King Hamlet. He tells Hamlet that the poisoned cup that killed his mother was intended for him. Finally, in a rage, Hamlet kills Claudius as he runs him through and pours the last of the poison down his throat.
SparkNotes: Hamlet: Suggested Essay Topics
Worry no more! Get professional writing assistance from our partner. Click to learn more. Literature Guides. Open Document. Click the button above to view the complete essay, speech, term paper, or research paper. Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly. Your uncle, Claudius, murdered me. Poison spilled in my ear. Avenge me, my son.
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But do not hurt your mother. Avenge me.
He was shivering when the cold air hit his skin. The shining that came through his condo blinded him. It was already seven in the morning. Hamlet rushed out of bed, tripping over piles of clothes on the floor and rushed into the bathroom Research Papers words 4.
Essay on Hamlet, by William Shakespeare
Bernardo relieves Francisco, at about midnight. Marcellus who joins Bernardo in the watch along with Horatio who was told of the appearance the previous night. Horatio believes it to be a illusion until it appears. You learn that the ghost has appeared twice in the same armor that the king wore to fight Fortinbras, king of Norway, and the Poles who he defeated.
The ghost appears again and again Horatio challenges it to speak. At the crow of the cock it moves and disappears Free Essays words 7 pages. So, I will tell the story, as a spirit to the world. My life ended in a miserable way. Revenge was on my mind, as well as others.