Substance Abuse Research Papers
A study in Kerman on students with the mean age of A study in Gilan indicated that drug and cigarette consumption had significantly increased in males aged 19 and above According to a study in Nazarabad, the highest drug use onset was at the age of 15— In , Investigating addictive drugs prevalence among university students showed the prevalence in the following order: Hookah Entertainment constitutes the tendency for drug consumption in most cases The increased cigarette use prevalence among Iranian adolescents is a major public health concern.
The cross-sectional prevalence of drug use in among American 12—17 years old adolescents was reported Also, 2. It is noteworthy that Kerman City, compared to other studied cities, has received higher rates of drug use, such that opium and heroin consumption in this city has been, respectively, almost 4 and 5 times that of other cities.
These statistics also hold true clearly with regard to ecstasy and alcohol consumption, each being almost 3 times that of Karaj and Gilan. Hashish consumption in the pre-university stage in this city is also higher than in other cities, which might be related to easier drug access in Kerman. In the cities, in which sex-distinct studies were conducted, drug consumption by males had been, with no exception, far higher than by the females, which is, almost 4 times except for hookah and then cigarette.
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Of course, it is not possible to judge firmly about drug use general prevalence as a result of the few studies in this field; however, the important point is the relatively high drug use among the adolescent and effective group of the society, which deserves particular attention for education and intervention in this group. It has been observed that adolescent and young crystal users, compared to nonusers, show clinical symptoms, have less control and affection in their families, with excitable, aggressive and anxious personalities, and low accountability;[ 23 ] on the other hand, behavioral problems and friend influence are among the strongest risk factors of drug consumption among adolescent consumers.
Nevertheless, it is not clear to what extent the adolescent can manage the effect of behavioral problems and peer group interaction for refusing invitations for drug consumption.
Therefore, prevention programs for harm reduction, treatment and consultation as the main objective of the intervention structure should apply to consumers. Accordingly, recent progress in evaluating drug abuse among adolescents would continue for information sharing in the field of clinical and research services. Source of Support: Nil. Conflict of Interest: None declared. National Center for Biotechnology Information , U.
Essay on The Concept of Dual Addiction
Int J Prev Med. Author information Article notes Copyright and License information Disclaimer. Correspondence to: Dr. Received Jun 20; Accepted Nov 8. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 3. This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. Abstract Background: As the first experience of substance abuse often starts in adolescence, and studies have shown that drug use is mainly related to cigarette and alcohol consumption, an initial exploration of substance abuse prevalence, including cigarette and alcohol, seems to be the first step in preventing and controlling drug consumption.
Methods: In this study, the databases inside the country were used to access articles related to substance abuse by students during —, among which 7 articles on 14—19 years old high school students were studied. Results: The seven studied articles showed that the highest drug use prevalence pertained to cigarette and hookah, followed by alcohol, opium, ecstasy, hashish and heroin.
Conclusions: Drug use is relatively high in the adolescent and effective group of the society, which requires particular attention and prompt and immediate intervention.
A Review Study of Substance Abuse Status in High School Students, Isfahan, Iran
Keywords: Addiction, Iranian student, prevalence, substance abuse. RESULTS The prevalence of drug consumption in the studied cities A study was conducted in on students, from high schools and vocational schools in Zahedan City, using a multi-stage cluster sampling method. The consumption prevalence for each drug type in different cities A research on Kerman's Male Pre-university students yielded the following results.
Table 1 The comparison of the prevalence of at-least-once drug use for each drug type in each studied region[ 9 , 10 , 11 , 12 , 13 , 14 , 15 ]. Open in a separate window. Drug consumption prevalence for each sex A study in Zahedan also reported that at-least-once drug use prevalence was 1.
Studies on Substance Abuse for Research
Table 2 The comparison of the prevalence of at-least-once drug consumption for each sex in each studied region. Drug consumption prevalence based on the age distribution in the studied populations As the study conducted on students with the mean age of 16 in Zahedan showed that the highest incidence of the first experience of cigarette smoking belonged to the age of Poor RA. Tehran: Salaman; A guide for prevention and treatment of substance abuse; p. Siam SH. Drug abuse prevalence in male students of different universities in Rashtin Tabibe Shargh.
Madadi A, Nogani F.
Drug Abuse and Addiction - chesahplinkpectlef.tk
Tehran: Jameanegar; Jahangiri B. Tehran: Arjmand; A guide for cognition and treatment of addiction in Iran; p. Drug abuse pattern based on demographic factors in self-introducing addicts in Gorgan province, the scientific. J Gorgan Univ Med Sci. Lifetime pattern of substance abuse, parental support, religiosity, and locus of control in adolescent and young male users. Iranian Journal of Public Health.
Smoking stages in an Iranian adolescent population. Acta Med Iran. Health-compromising behaviors: Why do adolescents smoke or drink? Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. Cigarette and drug consumption prevalence among high school students in Zahedan. Tabibe Sharq 6th Year. Theat-least-once narcotics consumption prevalence among male pre-university students in Kerman city. Investigating drug consumption prevalence in high school students in Gilan province in the academic year. Gilans J Med Sci.
ergreenuntonme.cf The extent of cigarette, hookah, alcoholic breavegaes, narcotics and stimulants among high school students. Investigating drugs consumption prevalence Cigarette, Narcotics, Alcohol, Psychoactive Drugs and its related factors among the Third year high school students in Nazarabad city between February until July Razi J Med Sci. Ecstasy consumption prevalence among high school students in Lahijan city in Iran's Epidemiology, winter.
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Investigating alcoholic and psychoactive substances among male high school students in the Mahriz city of Yazd in J Toloee Behdasht Paeez and Zemestan. A review of drug consumption status among the country's university students. As for drugs, about 60 percent of the teens said they had the opportunity to use illicit drugs, such as marijuana, cocaine, tranquilizers, stimulants and painkillers. About one in ten of the and year olds said they used at least one such drug, and that increased to about 40 percent in the oldest age group.
Marijuana was the most common type of drug used, followed by prescription drugs. Foster, who was not involved in the study, said starting to use potentially addictive substances is especially dangerous to younger people because their brains are still developing. Foster, whose organization published a comprehensive report on substance abuse in U. Discover Thomson Reuters. Directory of sites. United States.